Extensor Carpi Radialis Longus Muscle Pain


The extensor carpi radialis longus muscle is an extensor of your wrist and can induce elbow pain if it is too tight. Especially tennis elbow pain is a common symptom that is experienced if this muscle contains trigger points, which can be by-products of excessive muscle tension. 


Luckily they can be eliminated by precise self-massage. On this page you will learn about this muscles' attachment points, functions, pain zones, overuse, impaired movements, palpation and massage. To put it short: All the information you need to successfully work on this muscle.


Content

Attachment Points

Function

Pain Zones

Overload

Impaired Movements

Palpation

Self-Massage

Extensor Carpi Radialis Longus Attachment Points And Trigger Points


The extensor carpi radialis longus muscle runs from the lower and outer part of the humerus to the base of the 2nd metacarpal bone.


The X in the muscle picture displays a common area of trigger points.


Function Of The Extensor Carpi Radialis Longus

This muscle has several functions. Its main one is a radial deviation of the hand, which means it “kinks” your wrist in way that your thumb is getting moved towards the inner side of your forearm  and your radius, respectively. Furthermore, together with the other extensors of your wrist, it stabilizes the latter during gripping motions and this way prevents it from flexion.

Pain Zones


If your extensor carpi radialis longus muscle is too tight or contains tender and/or trigger points, it can give you pain at the lateral side of your elbow. This way it mimics tennis elbow pain.


Additionally you can experience pain all the way down your forearm and to the backside of your hand. Another common symptom is a weak and painful grip, which even can make you drop light things – e.g. glass of water –.


Extensor Carpi Radialis Longus Overload And Trigger Point Development


The most common cause of the development of tight muscle tissue and trigger points in the extensor carpi radialis longus muscle is excessive use of a strong grip. A strong grip is often needed in various sports and activities of daily living. This is why, among others, the following movements and/or activities can overload this muscle.

  • Tennis – especially back hand play –
  • Rock climbing
  • Weight lifting – e.g. heavy dead lifts –
  • Gardening
  • Hard screw driving
  • … 


Impaired Or Painful Movements


While the activities and/or movements listed above are likely to overload the extensor carpi radialis longus muscle, even usually undemanding actions like twisting a door knob or shaking someones hand can become painful if this muscle contains trigger points or is overly tight.


It goes without saying that all the actions that overloaded the muscle in the first place will be painful if you attempt to perform them – of course, only if the muscle is already affected –.


Palpation Of The Extensor Carpi Radialis Longus Muscle

While it won't be any problem for you to feel the extensor group of your wrist, it might be a little bit tricky to distinguish this muscle from the rest. Especially as it is partly covered by your brachioradialis muscle.


The most accessible part of this muscle is at the mid section of your forearm. Put your fingers on this part and move them slightly towards your radius on the inner side of your forearm. Then abduct your wrist to the inside/towards your radius and feel which muscle is contracting with this movement. If you have placed your fingers correctly, you will feel the extensor carpi radialis longus.


There is absolutely no reason to worry if you are not able to palpate this muscle. Most of the times tight muscle tissue and trigger points do not develop solely in this muscles but with other tender tissues and trigger points in the surrounding muscles.


The message is this: Just palpate your forearm muscles and realize when areas are tender. Still, you can use the picture which is shown under attachment points for navigational issues. The next step is to frequently massage those areas until they aren't painful anymore.


Self-Massage Of The Extensor Carpi Radialis Longus Muscle


For massage of this muscle and the muscles on the backside of your forearm I recommend using either your fingers, your elbow or a ball.

Massage With Fingers

Here, you have two options.


First: Place your fingers on the area you want to massage and execute short and very slow massage strokes over the tender spot. Repeat those strokes 10 – 15 times.


Second: Place your fingertips on a tender area and then make the muscle move – abduct  your wrist – 10 – 15 times.

Massage With Elbow


Place your elbow on the top of your forearm and then slowly execute a long massage stroke down its entire length. While you do so, abduct your wrist in a way that your pinkie is moving towards your elbow – this is the opposite movement that the extensor carpi radialis longus performs –.


Note: While using your elbow for massage, make sure to keep an open first in order not to tighten up your forearm flexors. Also experiment with the position of your elbow. Massage with the ulna is not that “deep” as compared to massage with your “elbow joint”. Still, that might be even desirable if your forearm muscles are very tender.


Massage With A Ball

This is in my opinion the best way to massage this muscle. Just take a tennis or lacrosse ball and place it on your forearm muscles. Then slightly press against a wall and search for tender spots. As soon as you hit one, focus on this spot and massage it for 10 – 15 times with very slow strokes. Afterwards, move on to the next tender spot.


If you use a tennis ball or a lacrosse ball is up to you. Both are brilliant and inexpensive massage tools. Still, the lacrosse ball is harder than the tennis ball, which means you can exert more pressure on the muscle. If this extra pressure is needed here on this area is another question. Still, it's never bad to have both tools at one's disposal.

References


Calais-German, Blandine. Anatomy of Movement. Seattle: Eastland Press, 1993. Print

Davies, Clair, and Davies, Amber. The Trigger Point Workbook: Your Self-Treatment Guide For Pain Relief. Oakland: New Harbinger Publications, Inc., 2004. Print

Simons, David G., Lois S. Simons, and Janet G. Travell. Travell & Simons' Myofascial Pain and Dysfunction: The Trigger Point Manual. Baltimore, MD: Williams & Wilkins, 1999. Print.

Schünke, Michael., Schulte, Erik, and Schumacher, Udo. Prometheus: Lernatlas der Anatomie. Stuttgart/New York: Georg Thieme Verlag, 2007. Print


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